Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders like Neck and Back Pain in Ophthalmologists

Musculoskeletal Disorders in Ophthalmologists


  • Samar Saba National Hospital and Medical Center, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Sajid Ullah Khan Glasgow Caledonian University, Scotland, United Kingdom
  • Muhammad Khizer Hayat College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Bakhtawar Amin Medical and Dental College, Multan, Pakistan
  • Rida Mustafa Awan 4Physiotherpay Department, The Superior University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Hanan Azfar Bhatti Hospital, Gujranwala, Pakistan
  • Hamza Dastgir University of Coventry, England, United Kingdom



ergonomics, musculoskeletal disorders, occupational health, ophthalmologists


Background: In the bustling hospitals of Lahore, ophthalmologists navigate the delicate balance between precision and physical strain, attending to the intricate needs of their patient’s vision. The long hours, meticulous tasks, and demanding nature of their work expose them to unique occupational hazards, particularly musculoskeletal disorders like neck and back pain. Objective: To assess the prevalence, severity, and associated risk factors of neck and back pain among ophthalmologists in Lahore, thereby highlighting the occupational impact on their musculoskeletal health. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data were collected from various hospitals across Lahore over three months following the synopsis approval. The study utilized a convenience sampling technique to select a sample size of 90 participants. Participants were included in the study based on any gender and must have experienced musculoskeletal pain. Individuals with systemic diseases or a history of surgery affecting the musculoskeletal system were excluded from the study. Participation in the study was voluntary, with all participants providing written informed consent before their inclusion. The Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Index, Visual Analogue Scale and Northwick Park Neck Pain Questionnaire were employed to assess the severity of low back and neck pain respectively. Descriptive statistics were applied to quantify the frequencies and percentages of the various qualitative and quantitative variables identified in the study. The results were then visually represented through pie charts and graphs. Results: Among the participants, 36.7% reported neck pain, 32.2% experienced back pain, and 17.8% suffered from both. The age group most affected was 36-45 years (47.8%), with work hours extending beyond 8 hours for 23.3% of respondents. The overall prevalence of these disorders was 68.9%, with most cases classified as mild to moderate in severity. Conclusion: The study reveals a substantial prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among ophthalmologists in Lahore, underscoring the need for ergonomic adjustments and preventive strategies within their work environments. It calls for broader research and interventions to mitigate these risks, ensuring the longevity and health of those dedicated to preserving vision.


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How to Cite

Saba, S., Khan, S. U., Hayat, M. K. ., Awan, R. M., Azfar, H., & Dastgir, H. (2024). Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders like Neck and Back Pain in Ophthalmologists: Musculoskeletal Disorders in Ophthalmologists. The Healer Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, 4(3), 1006–1013.





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