Prevalence of Urinary Incontinence among Post-Menopausal Females and Its Associated Factors

Urinary Incontinence among Post-Menopausal Females


  • Kiran Mushtaq Coventry University, United Kingdom
  • Iram Mushtaq DHQ Hospital, Gujranwala
  • Ayesha Bajwa Central Park Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Asna Waseem Central Park Medical College
  • Sana Batool Dow Medical University, Karachi
  • Arif Ali Rana Central Park Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan



postmenopausal, prevalence, urinary incontinence


Background: Urinary Incontinence is now recognized as a major public health concern globally. It affects a large number of females worldwide and has a substantial socio-economic influence. It might also disturb the quality of life and lead to depression. Objective: To find out the prevalence of urinary incontinence in post-menopausal females and its related factors. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study in which 100 participants were recruited using non-probability convenient sampling. Urinary incontinence questionnaires were given to the females based on socio-demographics, clinical characteristics and experiences of urinary incontinence-related questions. Data was collected from different healthcare providers and hospitals in Daska and Gujranwala, Pakistan. The age of the participants ranged between 50 to 65 years and their previous menstruation was from at least one year ago. Females with early menopause before the age of 40, those females who were suffering from multiple sclerosis, brain tumor, Parkinson’s, spinal cord injury and hysterectomy were excluded from study. Urinary incontinence questionnaires were given to the participants that were based on socio-demographics, clinical characteristics and experiences of Urinary incontinence related questions. Data was evaluated by SPSS version 23 and qualitative data was calculated as frequency and percentages. Results: The prevalence of urinary incontinence among postmenopausal females was 71%, stress urinary incontinence was 45%, urge urinary incontinence was 36% and mixed urinary incontinence was 19%. The menopausal age, mode of delivery and parity were not significantly associated with urinary incontinence however diabetes was significantly associated with urinary incontinence. (p<0.05). Conclusion: This study concluded that there is a higher prevalence of urinary incontinence among post-menopausal females. A greater number of childbirths, vaginal delivery, diabetes and high blood pressure are among some of the associated factors with urinary incontinence.


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How to Cite

Mushtaq, K., Mushtaq, I. ., Bajwa, A. ., Waseem, A. ., Batool, S., & Rana, A. A. . (2023). Prevalence of Urinary Incontinence among Post-Menopausal Females and Its Associated Factors: Urinary Incontinence among Post-Menopausal Females . The Healer Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, 3(4), 477–487.





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