Impact of Pre-menstrual Symptoms on Activities of Daily Living Among University Students; Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study

Pre-menstrual Symptoms & Activities of Daily Living Among Students


  • Tayyba Majeed International Osteopathic Clinic, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Saleha Abbas International Osteopathic Clinic, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Ghalia Safdar Shifa Tameer e Millat University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Habiba Shabir Physical Therapy Department, Bakhtawar Amin Hospital, Multan, Pakistan
  • Ayesha Bajwa Central Park Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Syed Nasir Ali Shah Sahara College, Narowal, Pakistan



activities of daily living, impact, premenstrual symptoms


Background: Pre-menstrual syndrome and its symptoms have been recognized as a cluster of mental, emotional and physical symptoms that are associated with the menstrual period and have been known to begin a few days earlier and after the onset of menstruation. Almost forty percent of women who are at their reproductive age suffer from pre-menstrual syndrome and only 5 to 10% are known to suffer from serious psychological demonstration known as a pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder. Objective: The objective of this study is to measure the impact pre-menstrual syndrome and its symptoms have on the activities of daily living among university students. Methods: The design of this study is descriptive cross-sectional. The data for this study was collected from Lahore Medical and Dental College, Lahore College for Women and University and University of Central Punjab, Lahore. The sampling technique employed was the non-probability sampling technique. The sample size for this study was calculated using the World Health Organization sample size calculator. Young and adult girls aged 18 to 25 years were recruited in our study and who were enrolled in university. Informed and written consent was taken from every participant recruited in our study. The outcome measuring tool employed was The German Pre-Menstrual Syndrome impact questionnaire which was filled by every participant. Data was entered and analyzed by using Statistical Package of Social Sciences version 23. The variables of the study were represented in the form of descriptive statistics, tables, graphs, frequency tables and percentages. Results: The results of our study showed that the activities of daily living of 24 (42.9%) participants were mildly affected, 31 (55.4%) were moderately affected and 1 (1.08%) were severely affected by the pre-menstrual symptoms. Conclusion: Our study concludes that pre-menstrual symptoms have a significant impact on the activities of daily living of the majority of adult young university females. The results of this study conclude that the activities of daily living of young females were moderately affected by these cyclic pre-menstrual symptoms.


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How to Cite

Majeed, T., Abbas, S., Safdar, G., Shabir, H., Bajwa, A., & Shah, S. N. A. . (2024). Impact of Pre-menstrual Symptoms on Activities of Daily Living Among University Students; Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study: Pre-menstrual Symptoms & Activities of Daily Living Among Students. The Healer Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, 4(1), 910–916.





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