Impact of Therapeutic Interventions on Temporomandibular Disorders; A Systematic Review

Therapeutic Interventions in Temporomandibular Disorders


  • Atif Sohail Chartered Physiotherapist, Healthcare Direct, Ireland
  • Umber Nawaz Lahore University of Biological and Allied Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Iqra Yaseen Johar institute of Professional Studies, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Shafaq Asma Anjum Polyclinic and Diagnostic Center, Wapda Town, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Ghalia Safdar Shifa Tameer- e- Millat University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Hammad Sattar Islam Medical College, Sialkot, Pakistan



temporomandibular disorders, therapeutic interventions


Background: Temporomandibular disorders which are also known as craniomandibular disorders are defined as the group of disorders that affect the masticatory muscles, the temporomandibular joint and other associated structures. It is recognized as a musculoskeletal masticatory pathology that has been known to affect more than 25% of the population globally. The cervical and temporomandibular mobilization (Maitland approach), pulsed radio frequency energy, dry needling, acupuncture, and NAG/ SNAG are manual interventions employed to treat the temporomandibular disorder. Objective: Our systematic review aims to determine the effectiveness of the therapeutic interventions on temporomandibular joint disorders. Methods: A systematic review was conducted using various databases for searching from January 2011 to September 2020. Databases included the Cochrane Library, PubMed, PEDro and APTA, EMBASE and MEDLINE for most recently conducted studies on treatment approaches including Manual therapy, exercise therapy and electrotherapy for temporomandibular joint disorders. Those randomized controlled trials which focused on determining the effects of therapeutic interventions on temporomandibular joint disorders and which met our inclusion criteria were included in our review. Results: After assessing assessment-based eligibility a total of twelve studies were included in our review. All the included studies were randomized control trials. All the included studies had their score which varied significantly between 7 and 10 on the PEDro scale score which represented a higher methodology quality. All the included studies showed improvement in the quality of life after employing therapeutic interventions for treating temporomandibular joint disorders. The risk of bias in all the included studies was altered in selection bias and detection bias. Conclusion: Our systematic review concluded that all the included randomized control trials and studies supported the effects of therapeutic interventions on temporomandibular disorders positively. Our review supported the fact that improvements were observed in the quality-of-life outcomes of these patients after the application of therapeutic disorders.


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How to Cite

Sohail, A., Nawaz, U., Yaseen, I., Asma, S., Safdar, G., & Sattar, H. (2023). Impact of Therapeutic Interventions on Temporomandibular Disorders; A Systematic Review: Therapeutic Interventions in Temporomandibular Disorders. The Healer Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, 3(10), 871–882.





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